Older publications – EUDO/OPPR

Other Publications, Working Papers, and Reports by the EUI research community since 2008 (EUDO/OPPR)

Politicalpartiesandpoliticalfoundations LUCIANO BARDI, EDOARDO BRESSANELLI, ENRICO CALOSSI, LORENZO CICCHI, WOJCIECH GAGATEK, EUGENIO PIZZIMENTI (2014) “Political Parties and Political Foundations at European Level”, Brussels: European Parliament

 partypolitics LUCIANO BARDI, STEFANO BARTOLINI AND ALEXANDER TRECHSEL (eds) (2014) Themed issue: “Party adaptation and change and the crisis of democracy: Essays in honour of Peter Mair”, in “Party Politics”¸ March 2014; 20 (2).

bardi-bartolini-trechsel BARDI LUCIANO, KRIESI HANSPETER AND TRECHSEL ALEXANDER H. (eds) 2014, “Elections in Europe in Times of Crisis: contributions from the 2013 EUDO dissemination conference”, Florence: EUI/RSCAS/EUDO.

cattaneo_valbruzzi_vignati VALBRUZZI, M. and VIGNATI, R (eds) 2014, “L’Italia e l’Europa al bivio delle riforme. Le elezioni europee e amministrative del 25 maggio 2014”, Bologna, Istituto Carlo Cattaneo.


Special Issue “Responsive and Responsible? The Role of Parties in Twenty-First Century Politics“, in West European Politics, Volume 37, Issue 2, 2014.

italiancontemporary BARDI L., and PIZZIMENTI E., “Old logics for new games: The appointment of the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy” in Contemporary Italian Politics, n. 1 / 2013.

nonsoloroma IGNAZI Piero, BARDI Luciano, MASSARI Oreste (eds) (2013) Non solo Roma. Partiti e classi dirigenti nelle regioni italiane, Milano, Egea.

To understand the present we must look to the changes of recent years. That’s what makes this book, reconstructing the evolution of electoral results, organization and political personnel of the major Italian political parties since 1995 in six Italian regions: Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Latium and Sicily. The survey is unique in its kind, demonstrates how the parties at the regional level have gained increasing autonomy from the national center. This is mainly due to the aggregation capabilities of consent from the local leaders, even in the face of a decline in traditional local structures, in past times based on the sections and the militancy of members. The leadership have in fact so concentrated in their hands the organizational resources that they no longer need the base. In essence, on the one hand, it confirms the process of personalization and empowerment of the parties, on the other hand, the decomposition of their traditional structure does not seem to have produced a different form of organization.

government-opposition McDONNELL Duncan, MAZZOLENI Oscar  (2013) Directly Elected Mayors and their Parties: The Cases of Genoa and Lausanne. Government and Opposition, Volume 48 – Special Issue 03.

While the literature on directly elected mayors has largely neglected the relationship between mayors and their parties, studies of party transformation have generally ignored how changes in local democratic rules and practices affect parties. This article addresses these questions using a qualitative case study of the relationship between mayors and the three faces of their parties (in local public office, local central office and on the ground) in Genoa and Lausanne. Based on interviews with the mayors, elected representatives and party members, it finds in the two cases that, as long as these mayors can count on high levels of popularity and are not nearing the end of their term, they are ‘party detached’. When these factors do not apply and/or party institutionalization increases, the relationship with the party in local central office (although not with the party in local public office or on the ground) becomes more significant.

KRIESI, H., LAVENEUX S., ESSER F., MATTHES J., BÜHLMANN M. and BOCHSLER D. (2013). Democracy in the age of globalization and mediatization. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

calossi_coticchia SOZZI Fabio (2013) National parties, political processes and the EU democratic deficit : The problem of europarties institutionalization. EUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2013/04; EUDO – European Democracy Observatory.

In classical party democracy, elections serve as an “instrument of democracy” (Powell 2000): they are the mechanism to connect policy preferences of the electors to the political production. At the European level the linkage seems to be lost because the political actors performing in the two arena are not the same and the logics of behaviour are quite different. The EU calls for truly “Europarties” to become more democratic in its procedural and substantive prerequisites and this entails not only a progressive emancipation of party structures at European level but also an integration between them. The main aims of this paper are, firstly, to investigate if and to what extent political parties at European level are able to perform the electoral and legislative functions in the two separated arena and, secondly, if intra- and extra- parliamentary faces of the Europarties are still separated or, rather, have become integrated.

bartlett-et-alBARTLETT J., FROIO C., LITTLER M., McDONNELL D., (2013)  “Social media is changing politics across Europe…” New Political Actors in Europe: Beppe Grillo and the M5S. DEMOS. ISBN: 9781909037335

calossi_coticchiaCALOSSI E., COTICCHIA F., (2013) The role of europarties in framing the European Union Foreign and Security PolicyEUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2013/3; EUDO – European Democracy Observatory.

The implementation of the Lisbon Treaty has increased the role of the EP thus changing the balance of power with other EU institutions, as the Council of Ministers, the European Council and also the new High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR). This new situation conveys more powers and responsibilities to the EP and to its main actors, the so-called Europarties. Aim of this paper is to analyse whether Europarties share the same attitude towards the existence of a EU common foreign and defence policy, and what are the main conceptual frames adopted by each Europarty on some of the main EU foreign and defence issues. Europarties’ positions are analysed through a discourse analysis approach in order to understand their ideas towards three fundamental institutional frameworks of the EU foreign policy: the Lisbon Treaty, the existence of the CFSP and the existence of the CSDP (and the European Defence Agency).

political_studiesMcDONNELL D., (2013) Silvio Berlusconi’s Personal Parties: From Forza Italia to the Popolo Della Libertá. in Political Studies, Volume 61, 2013.

Despite the electoral success of Silvio Berlusconi’s two political parties, little theoretical and empirical work has been done on Forza Italia (FI) and the Popolo Della Libertà (PDL – People of Freedom).This article aims to fill these gaps. Following a short overview of the history of FI and the PDL, it discusses how scholars have conceived of Forza Italia. Building on the criteria of Joseph LaPalombara and Myron Weiner for the definition of a political party, a first operational definition is then offered of the term most used to classify FI and the PDL: the ‘personal party’. On the basis of this, the article considers whether the PDL is another personal party akin to Forza Italia.This is done, first, by briefly considering the party statute and communications and, second, by examining the views expressed in interviews conducted across Italy with PDL elected representatives and ordinary party members.

pappas2012BEDOCK C., MAIR P., and WILSON A. (2012), Institutional Change in Advanced European Democracies: an Exploratory Assessment. EUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2012/11; EUDO – European Democracy Observatory.

risp BARDI L., KATZ R. S., MAIR P., Verso una politica Europea. in Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, Dicembre 2011: (3), pp. 347-368. [Towards a European Politics].

This article addresses the issue of the growing concern surrounding the Eu’s «democratic deficit» resulting from the expansion of the Eu’s competences. In particular it raises the question of whether the development of genuine Europarties competing in a European party system could be sufficient to promote and assure democratic government at Eu level. The article discusses the ways in which integrated parties and party systems operate in «normal» democracies and perform functions that are conducive to a correct functioning of the political system. It then examines the current state of affairs at Eu level, by assessing the nature and character of Europarties as well as whether a genuine European Party system exits in the Euro-arenas in which parties are expected to compete. Finally the paper analyses the potential impact of the political and institutional changes induced by and surrounding the Lisbon Treaty on Europarties and their system. The conclusions of such analysis are somewhat contradictory: while the development of a real European party system within might enhance accountability and responsiveness, it might come at the cost of the developing capacity of the parties to represent and articulate the diversity of voices that are found in the Eu.

PAPPAS T. S. (2011), Political Charisma Revisited, and Reclaimed for Political Science. EUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2011/60; EUDO – European Democracy Observatory.

GagatekVanHecke GAGATEK W. and VAN HECKE S. (2011), Towards Policy-Seeking Europarties? The Development of European Political Foundations. EUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2011/57; EUDO – European Union Democracy Observatory.

radaellidossi RADAELLI C. M.  and DOSSI S. (2011), Four Funerals and a Party? The Political Repertoire of the Italian Radicals. EUI Working Papers RSCAS; 2011/57; EUDO – European Union Democracy Observatory.

risp PIZZIMENTI E., IGNAZI P. (2011). Finanziamento pubblico e mutamenti organizzativi nei partiti italiani. in Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, Agosto 2011: 41 (2), pp. 199-236. [Party Financing and Party Organisational Change: the Italian Case]

In the last decade, one of the major veins in political science has been the development of empirical researches on the impact of public funding on political competition. To a lesser extent, academic debate has focused on the effects of political finance regimes on party organisations. In this respect, scholars have hypothesised the existence of a relationship between the increasing need for public funding and a progressive shift of internal power from the Party in Central Office to the Party in Public Office, at the expense of the Party on the Ground. The aim of this article is to test this hypothesis by analysing the evolution of budget and organisation of four Italian political parties (Pds-Ds, Ppi-Dl, Fi, An) from 1994 to 2004: what we expect to find is a massive need for public subsidies to survive environmental changes accompanied by a tendency to centralisation of power within their organisations.

wpmair MAIR, P. (2011). Bini Smaghi vs. the Parties: Representative Government and Institutional Constraints. Working Paper EUI RSCAS; 2011/22; EUDO – European Union Democracy Observatory.

europeanjournalofpoliticalresearch VAN BIEZEN I., MAIR P., POGUNTKE T. (2011). Going, going,…gone? The Decline of Party Membership in Contemporary Europe in European Journal of Political Research


CalossiEuro CALOSSI E. (2011). Organizzazione e funzioni degli Europartiti. Il Caso di Sinistra Europea. PLUS. [Organization and Functions of Europarties. The Case of European Left].

Political Parties has been important actors in the European integration process. Since 2003 new EU regulations has facilitated (and funded) the development of Political Parties at the European Level. This book, after having drawn the general organizational framework and the functions of all the other Europarties, focuses on the Party of the European Left. This Europarty, despite its aspirations, is still quite far to include all the national parties of the alternative left. This demonstrates the weak homogeneity of this political family in comparison to the popular (the former Christian-Democrats), the socialist, the liberal, and the green family. This book reveals that the main points of distinction amongst the alternative left parties are based on the different ideas they have about the integration process, and the soviet experience.

Oldghost CHRYSSOGELOS A. S. (2011). Old Ghosts in New Sheets: European Populist Parties and Foreign Policy. Centre for European Studies

OPPR Report BARDI L., BRESSANELLI E., CALOSSI E., GAGATEK W., MAIR P., PIZZIMENTI E. (2010). How to Create a Transnational Party System. Report for the Committee on Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament

JEPPcover Journal of European Public Policy

Special  Issue on Political Representation and EU Governance edited by Peter Mair and Jacques Thomassen

Volume 17, Issue n.1 2010

EuropeanView GAGATEK, Wojciech (2009), The European People’s Party and the Party of European Socialists: Government and Opposition?, European View, Volume 8, Number 2.

  • 2013Bardi L., “Parties, Party System And Party Government In The European Union” in Giusto H. (ed), Democratic Legitimacy And Political Leadership In The European Union, Roma: Italianieuropei, 2013;Bardi L., “Party Membership in Italy” in Von Alemann U., Morlok M., Spier T. (eds), Parteien Ohne Mitglieder?, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2013;Bardi L., “Parties and Party System in the European Union” in Clariana, G.G. (Ed), Ciudadania Europea Y Democracia. La Reforma Del Acta Electoral Y De Los Partidos Politicos Europeos; Marcial Pons, Ediciones Jurídicas Y Sociales, 2013;

    Bardi L., and Pizzimenti E., “Old logics for new games: The appointment of the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy” in Contemporary Italian Politics, n. 1 / 2013;

    von dem Berge, Benjamin, Thomas Poguntke, Peter Obert & Diana Tipei (2013), Measuring Intra-Party Democracy. A Guide for the Content Analysis of Party Statutes with Examples from Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, Heidelberg: Springer.

    von dem Berge, Benjamin & Thomas Poguntke (2013), ‘The In?uence of Europarties on Central and Eastern European Partner Parties: A Theoretical and Analytical Model’in: European Political Science Review, Vo. 5, No. 3, pp. 311 – 334.

    von dem Berge, Benjamin & Thomas Poguntke (2013), ‘Die Europäisierung nationaler Parteien und europäische Parteien’, in: Oskar Niedermayer (eds.), Handbuch Parteienforschung, Wiesbaden: Springer VS, pp. 875 – 904.

    van Biezen Ingrid, and Daniela R. Piccio (2013). ‘Shaping Intra-Party Democracy: On the Legal Regulation of Internal Party Organizations’, in William P. Cross and Richard S. Katz (eds.), The Challenges of Intra-Party Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 27-48.

    van Biezen, Ingrid and Helen Wallace, (2013) ‘Old and New Oppositions in Contemporary Europe’, Government & Opposition, 48/3, pp. 289-313.

    Bornschier S., and Kriesi H., “The populist right, the working class, and the changing face of class politics, in Jens RydgrenJ. (ed) Class Politics and the Radical Right, Abingdon: Routledge, 2013;

    Bressanelli E., “Competitive and Coherent? Profiling the Europarties in the 2009 European Parliament Elections” in Journal of European Integration, 35:6, 2013;

    Bressanelli E., “I Partiti Politici a Livello UE”, in Mondoperaio, November Issue, 2013;

    Bukow, Sebastian & Thomas Poguntke (2013), ‘Innerparteiliche Organisation und Willensbildung’, in: Oskar Niedermayer (eds.), Handbuch Parteienforschung,  Wiesbaden, Springer VS, pp. 179 – 209.

    Calossi E., Calugi F., and Coticchia F. “Peace and War in Political Discourse of Italian Marxist and post-Marxist Parties”, in Contemporary Italian Politics, Vol.5, n.3, 2013;

    Calossi E., and Coticchia F., “The Role of Europarties in Framing the European Union Foreign and Security Policy”, EUDO Working Papers Series; 2013/03;

    Kriesi H., and Grande E., “Das Doppelgesicht der Politisierung. Zur Transformation politischer Konfliktstrukturen im Prozess der Globalisierung, in Zürn M. and Ecker-Ehrhardt M. (eds) Die Politisierung der Weltpolitik, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2013;

    Farrell, David, Eoin O’Malley and Jane Suiter (2013) ‘Deliberative democracy in action Irish-style: the 2011 We the Citizens pilot citizens’ assembly’, Irish Political Studies 28: 99-113.

    David Farrell (2013), ‘The 2013 Irish Constitutional Convention: A bold step or a damp squib?’ in John O’Dowd and Giuseppe Ferrari (eds.), Comparative Reflections on 75 Years of the Irish Constitution. Dublin: Clarus Press.

    Ignazi P., Bardi L., and Massari O., Non Solo Roma. Partiti e Classi Dirigenti nelle Regioni Italiane, Milano: Egea, 2013;

    Kriesi H., and Hutter S., “Movements of the Left, Movements of the Right Reconsidered”, in van Stekelenburg J., Roggeband C., and Klandermans B. (eds) The Future of Social Movement Research. Dynamics, Mechanisms, and Processes, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013;

    Kriesi H., Lavenex S., Esser F., Matthes J., Bühlmann M., and Bochsler D., Democracy in the age of globalization and mediatization, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2013;

    Kriesi H., and Müller L., Democracy: An Ongoing Challenge, Zürich: Lars Müller Publishers, 2013;

    McDonnell D., and Mazzoleni O., “Directly Elected Mayors and their Parties: The Cases of Genoa and Lausanne” in Government and Opposition, Volume 48 – Special Issue 03, 2013;

    McDonnell D., “Silvio Berlusconi’s Personal Parties: From Forza Italia to the Popolo Della Libertá”, in Political Studies, Volume 61, 2013;

    Pizzimenti E. and Bardi L., “Il finanziamento pubblico ai partiti e il finanziamento de Partiti Europei” (Public Funding of Political Parties and Funding of European Parties) in Polis, n. 3/2013;

    Poguntke, Thomas, Martin Morlok & Heike Merten (eds.) (2013), Auf dem Weg zu einer europäischen Parteiendemokratie?, Baden-Baden: Nomos.

    Poguntke, Thomas (2013), ‘Electing the President of the European Commission?’, in: Fondazione Italianieuropei, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung,Foundation for European Progressive Studies, (eds.), Democratic Legitimacy and Political Leadership in the European Union. Towards the 2014 European Elections, Roma: Fondazione Italianieuropei, pp. 16 – 27.

    Poguntke, Thomas (2013), ‘Politik in der Europäischen Union: Parteienherrschaft ohne Parteienregierung’,in: Thomas Poguntke, Martin Morlok & Heike Merten (eds.), Auf dem Weg zu einer europäischen Parteiendemokratie, Baden-Baden: Nomos, pp. 9 – 21.

    Ramiro, L. and L. Morales (2013) “Examining the ‘demand’ side of the market for political activism. Party and civil society grassroots activists in Spain”. Article accepted for publication, Party Politics, print version forthcoming 2013, electronic version available: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354068811436057.

    Raunio T., “The Finns: Filling a Gap in the Party System” in Grabow K. and Hartleb F. (eds) Exposing the Demagogues: Right-wing and National Populist Parties in Europe, Brussels: Centre for European Studies & Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2013;

    Raunio T., “Les parlements nationaux sont-ils mal conseillés? Examen critique du Mécanisme d’alerte précoce” in Revue internationale de politique comparée,  20:1 (2013), 73-88.

    Scully, Roger, Simon Hix, David Farrell (2013) ‘National or European Parliamentarians? Evidence from a New Survey of the Members of the European Parliament’, Journal of Common Market Studies 50: 670-83.

    Sozzi F., “National parties, political processes and the EU democratic deficit: The problem of europarties institutionalization”, EUDO Working Papers Series EUI RSCAS; 2013/04;

    Szczerbiak, Aleks, and Paul Taggart (2013) “Coming in from the Cold? Euroscepticism, government participation and party positions on Europe”, Journal of Common Market Studies , January 2013.

    Szczerbiak, Aleks (2013) “Poland (mainly) chooses stability and continuity: The October 2011 Polish parliamentary election”, Perspectives on European Politics and Societies, December 2013.

    Webb, Paul, Thomas Poguntke & Robin Kolodny (2012), ‘The Presidentialization of Party Leadership? Evaluating Party Leadership and Party Government in the Democratic World’, in: Ludger Helms (eds.), Comparative Political Leadership, Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.


    Bartlett J., Froio C., Littler M., and McDonnell D., (2012) “Social media is changing politics across Europe… New Political Actors in Europe: Beppe Grillo and the M5S”. DEMOS.

    van Biezen, Ingrid and Ekaterina Rashkova (2012) ‘Deterring New Party Entry? The Impact of State Regulation on the Permeability of Party Systems’, (with), Party Politics. Published online 23 September 2012.

    van Biezen, Ingrid and Gabriela Borz (2012) ‘Models of Party Democracy: Patterns of Party Regulation in Post-War European Constitutions’, European Political Science Review 4/3 (2012), pp. 327-359.

    van Biezen, Ingrid and Fransje Molenaar  (2012) ‘The Europeanization of Party Politics? Competing Regulatory Paradigms at the Supranational Level’ (with Fransje Molenaar), West European Politics 35/3 (2012), pp. 632-656.

    van Biezen, Ingrid ‘Constitutionalizing Party Democracy: The Constitutive Codification of Political Parties in Post-war Europe’, British Journal of Political Science 42/1 (2012), pp. 187-212.

    Farrell, David, Eoin O’Malley, Jane Suiter (2012) ‘The 2011 We the Citizens Pilot Citizens’ Assembly’, in Gemma Carney and Clodagh Harris (eds), Citizens’ Voices: Experiments in Democratic Renewal and Reform. Galway: Irish Centre for Social Gerontology, 2012 (e-book)

    Farrell, David and Matthew Shugart (eds) (2012) , Electoral Systems (6-volume reader) (London: Sage, 2012)

    John, Stefanie & Thomas Poguntke (2012), ‘Party Patronage in Germany: The Strategic Use of Appointments’, in: Petr Kopecky, Peter Mair and Maria Spirova (eds.), Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    McDONNELL, Duncan, (2012) Populism in Europe: Lega Nord, with J. Bartlett and J. Birdwell, Demos UK.

    McDONNELL, Duncan, (2012) Politica in Italia. Edizione 2012, with A.Bosco, Bologna: Il Mulino.

    Poguntke, Thomas (2012), ‘Towards a New Party System: The Vanishing Hold of the Catch-all Parties in Germany’, in: Party Politics, First View Article, published online 30. October 2012; pp. 1 – 20; DOI: 10.1177/1354068812462925.

    Poguntke, Thomas & Paul Webb (2012), ‘The Presidentialization of Politics Thesis Defended’, in: Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 66, No. 3; pp. 646-654.

    Shugart, Matthew, and David Farrell (2012) ‘Editors’ Introduction: The Study of Electoral Systems Comes of Age’, in David Farrell and Matthew Shugart (eds), Electoral Systems (6-volume reader) London: Sage, 2012.


    CASAL BÉRTOA, Fernando, (2011). Sources of Party System Institutionalization in New Democracies: Lessons from East Central Europe. EUI SPS; 2011/01

    ENYEDI Z. ARATÓ K., LUX A., (2011), Structures and Futures of Europe, Budapest, Ad Librum.

    ENYEDI Z., TARDOS R., SZABO A., (2011) The New Formula. Elections in Hungary in 2010, Budapest, DKMKA.

    ENYEDI Z., CASAL-BERTOA F., (2011) Patterns of party competition (1990–2009), in: Paul G. Lewis and Radoslaw Markowski (eds.) Europeanising partypolitics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe afterEnlargement. Manchester, Manchester University Press.

    ENYEDI Z., MARKOWSKI R., (2011) The quality of social, partisan and governmental representation, in: Paul G. Lewis and Radoslaw Markowski (eds.) Europeanising party politics? Comparative perspectives on Central and Eastern Europe after Enlargement. Manchester, Manchester University Press.

    LEHMANN, Wilhelm (2011). Electoral Representation at the European level and its Institutional Design: A reappraisal of recent reform plans. Working Paper EUI RSCAS; 2011/23; EUDO – European Union Democracy Observatory

    MAIR, Peter (2011), Bini Smaghi vs. the Parties: Representative Government and Institutional Constraints. Working Paper EUI RSCAS; 2011/22; EUDO – European Union Democracy Observatory.

    McDONNELL, Duncan,  (2011) ‘Outsider Parties’, with J. Newell, Special edition of Party Politics, Vol. 17, No. 4.

    McDONNELL, Duncan, (2011) ‘Outsider Parties in Government in Western Europe’, with J. Newell, Party Politics, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 443-452.

    McDONNELL, Duncan,  (2011) ‘Di lotta e di governo: The Lega Nord and Rifondazione Comunista in Office’, with D. Albertazzi and J. Newell, Party Politics, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 471-487.

    STRATULAT, Corina, (2011). Europe as an Issue Dimension in the Party Politics of the Central East European Candidate States. EUI PhD Thesis.

    TRECHSEL, Alexander H.; MAIR, Peter (2011). When Parties (Also) Position Themselves: An Introduction to the EU Profiler. In “ Journal of Information Technology & Politics”, 8, 1, 1-20.

    Older publications

AFONSO, Alexandre; FONTANA, Marie-Christine; PAPADOPOULOS, Yannis, (2010). Does Europeanisation Weaken the Left? Changing coalitions and veto power in Swiss decision-making processes . In “Policy and Politics”, 38, 4, 565-582.

BARDI, Luciano; MAIR, Peter, (2008). The Parameters of Party Systems . In “Party Politics”, 14, 2, 147-166.

BAUBOCK, Rainer; FAIST, Thomas, (2010), (eds.). Diaspora and Transnationalism. Concepts, Theories and Methods . Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.

BRESSANELLI, Edoardo, (2010). I partiti politici e le elezioni del Parlamento europeo. Un’analisi comparata dei programmi elettorali nell’Europa allargata. In “ . In “Rivista Italiana di Analisi Elettorale”, 3, 25-46.

CASAL BÉRTOA, Fernando; MAIR, Peter, (2010). Two Decades On: How Institutionalized are the Post-Communist Party Systems?. EUI SPS; 2010/03. . EUI SPS; 2010/03.

DEEGAN-KRAUSE, Kevin and ENYEDI, Zsolt (2010), Agency and the Atructure of Party Competition: Alignment, Stability and the Role of Political Elites, EUDO Working Paper Series. , EUDO Working Paper Series.

DINAS, Elias; GEMENIS, Kostas, (2010). Measuring Parties’ Ideological Positions with Manifesto data: A Critical Evaluation of the Competing Methods . In “Party Politics”, 16, 4, 427-450.

DÖRING, Holger, (2010). Collaborative Data Collection in Political Science: a New Data Infrastructure on Parties, Elections and Governments. EUI MWP; 2010/21 . EUI MWP; 2010/21

FRANKLIN, Mark N.; MACKIE, Thomas; VALEN, Henry; [et al.], (2009). Electoral Change: Responses to evolving social and attitudinal structures in western countries . Colchester, ECPR.

GAGATEK, Wojciech, (2008). Political parties at the European level : their organization and activities : the case of the European People’s Party and the Party of European Socialists . EUI PhD Theses.

GAGATEK, Wojciech, (2009). European Political Parties as Campaign Organisations: Toward a Greater Politicisation of the European Parliament Elections. Centre for European Studies. . Centre for European Studies.

GAGATEK, Wojciech, (2010). The 2009 Elections to the European Parliament. Country Reports Florence, European University Institute, 2010. Florence, European University Institute, 2010.

GEMENIS, Kostas; DINAS, Elias, (2010). Confrontation still? Examining parties’ policy positions in Greece . In “Comparative European Politics”, 8, 179-201.

GOETZ, Klaus H.; MAIR, Peter; SMITH, Gordon, (2008). Trajectories of European Politics: An Introduction . In “West European Politics”, 31, 1-2, 1-13, Special 30th anniversary issue.

HANRETTY, Chris, (2008). Party mergers and vote shifts in Italy. EUI SPS; 2008/06. . EUI SPS; 2008/06.

MAIR, Peter (2008). The Challenge to Party Government . In “West European Politics”, 31, 1-2, 211-234.

MAIR, Peter, (2009). The British Party System: A Comparative Perspective . In Matthew Flinders (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Politics . Oxford, Oxford University Press, 283-301.

MAIR, Peter (2009), Representative Versus Responsible Government, MPIfG Working Paper 09/8. Cologne: Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.

MAIR, Peter; KATZ, Richard S., (2009). The Cartel Party Thesis: A Restatement . In “Perspectives on Politics”, 7, 4, 2009, 753-7 66.

MAIR, Peter; THOMASSEN, Jacques, (2010). Political representation and government in the European Union. In “Journal of European Public Policy”, 17, 1, 20-35. . In “Journal of European Public Policy”, 17, 1, 20-35.

MAIR P., J. THOMASSEN (2010). Political Representation and European Union Governance London: Routledge .

McDONNELL, Duncan, (2010) ‘The Lega Nord Back in Government’, with D. Albertazzi, West European Politics , Vol. 33, No. 6, pp.1318–1340. , with D. Albertazzi, , Vol. 33, No. 6, pp.1318–1340.

McELROY, Gail; BENOIT, Kenneth, (2010). Party Policy and Group Affiliation in the European Parliament . In “British Journal of Political Science”, 40, 2, 377-398.

PETITHOMME, Mathieu, (2010). Framing European Integration in mediated public spheres. An increasing nationalization and contestation of European issues in party political communication? . In “Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research”, 23, 2, 153-168

POGUNTKE, Thomas, (2008). Party Government in the EU: On the Road to Presidentialization?. EUI SPS; 2008/10 . EUI SPS; 2008/10

RODRIGUES SANCHES, Edalina; SANTANA PEREIRA, José, (2010). Which Europe do the Portuguese Political Parties Want? Identity, Representation and Scope of Governance in the Euromanifestos (1987-2004) . In “Perspectives on European Politics and Society”, 11, 2, 183-200.

TOUBEAU, Simon, (2010). The Accommodation of Nationalism: Regional Nationalist Parties and Territorial Restructuring in Great Britain, Spain and Belgium . EUI PhD thesis . EUI PhD thesis

TRECHSEL, Alexander H. and MAIR, Peter (2009), When Parties (also) Position Themselves: An Introduction to the EU Profiler, EUDO Working Paper Series

VAN SPANJE, Joost, (2009). Pariah Parties: On the origins and electoral consequences of the ostracism of political parties in established democracies . EUI PhD Thesis.

VAN SPANJE, Joost, (2010). Contagious Parties: Anti-Immigration Parties and Their Impact on Other Parties’ Immigration Stances in Contemporary Western Europe In “Party Politics”, 16, 5, 563-586.

WILSON, Alex (2010), Report on MEP Surveys, EUDO Reports , EUDO Reports

WILSON, Alex, (2009). Multi-level Party Politics in Italy and Spain . EUI PhD theses . EUI PhD theses

WILSON, Alex, (2009). Party Competition in the Spanish Regions. EUI SPS; 2009/01 . EUI SPS; 2009/01